5 Types of Common General Surgery

General surgery, as a specialized field of surgery, focuses on the alimentary canal and abdominal contents. It is a compulsory discipline for all surgeons to pursue. General surgeons possess the expertise to perform a diverse range of surgical procedures on organs, including the bowel, liver, gallbladder, and colon. The field of general surgery encompasses various sub-specialties that cater to specific anatomical regions. Each surgical procedure within this realm is unique, underscoring the significance of selecting an experienced general surgeon with a proven track record. For people seeking general surgery in Dallas and Fort Worth, it is advisable to rely on trusted general surgeons in the area to receive the highest standard of treatment and care. This blog will explore and provide insights into five common types of general surgery, facilitating a better understanding of the field.

1. Cholecystectomy

Cholecystectomy is a common type of general surgery aimed at removing the gallbladder, a pear-shaped organ responsible for the secretion of bile juice. This type of surgery becomes necessary when accumulated gallstones obstruct the bile flow, leading to symptoms like pain and bloating. Additionally, gallbladder removal may be required if the organ becomes infected or develops cancerous growths. Gallbladder removal has no significant impact on the digestive process, as the liver produces enough bile to help in the digestion of food. In the DFW area, general surgeons typically opt for minimally invasive cholecystectomy techniques, ensuring reduced complications and faster recovery for patients.

2. Colorectal Surgery

Colorectal surgery is an umbrella term used to describe the treatment of complications in the lower digestive tract, specifically involving the colon, rectum, and anus. Damage to this region can occur due to various factors, including inflammatory bowel disease, diverticulitis, and cancer. Colorectal surgery encompasses a range of procedures such as colostomy, ileostomy, endoscopic surgery, and colectomy, which are employed to manage complications in the lower digestive tract. Notably, each surgical procedure addresses these complications in a unique manner. Individuals experiencing symptoms like bowel and bladder issues, intestinal obstruction, or chest pain are advised to seek the expertise of an experienced general surgeon with a strong track record in colorectal surgery.

3. Appendectomy

An appendectomy is a surgical procedure performed to remove the appendix, which is a thin pouch attached to the large intestine. It is a common type of general surgery conducted to address an infected appendix, also known as appendicitis. Prompt removal of an infected appendix is crucial, as untreated cases can lead to the appendix bursting. Since the appendix does not have a significant role in the human body, its removal does not result in long-term issues. When it comes to performing an appendectomy, general surgeons in the DFW area and other regions typically prefer laparoscopic surgery due to its advantages, including reduced pain and scarring.

4. Hernia Repairs

Hernia is a medical condition in which an internal organ protrudes through an opening in the muscles and tissues that are meant to hold it in place. This typically occurs due to inherent weakness in the muscles and tissues. Common factors that can contribute to the development of a hernia include smoking, pregnancy, old age, injury, and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. Hernias can be classified into different types based on the location of the opening, such as hiatal, inguinal, and umbilical hernias. While not all types of hernias require immediate repair, patients with enlarged and painful hernias should consult a general surgeon in their area. These surgeons can provide the appropriate surgery and medication to manage the hernia effectively.

5. Nissen Fundoplication

Nissen fundoplication is a traditional surgical procedure used to treat gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD). It provides a permanent solution for severe acid reflux. During the surgery, the top of the stomach is wrapped around the esophagus to restore the function of the lower esophageal sphincter (LES) and prevent reflux. While acid reflux is not always a serious condition, when accompanied by symptoms such as a burning sensation, chronic cough, regurgitation of food or acid, and fluid coming through the mouth, it becomes essential to consult a general surgeon. There are several general surgeons in the DFW area who specialize in performing reflux surgery and offer comprehensive post-operative care to facilitate a faster recovery.

Final word

The aforementioned procedures are some of the most common types of general surgery, each of which can be performed through one of the two approaches: open surgery or laparoscopic surgery. Laparoscopic general surgery is generally preferred due to its lower risks and faster recovery time. However, in cases involving complications, surgeons may choose open surgery as an alternative. To ensure fewer complications and a faster recovery, it is advisable to consult trusted surgeons in your area. You should consult surgeons who provide comprehensive aftercare services to ensure a safe and swift recovery process. When considering general surgery in the Dallas-Fort Worth region, book an appointment with a reputable general surgeon in the area who utilizes advanced technology and expertise to perform minimally invasive surgeries.