Cataract surgery is one of the major breakthroughs in the medical arena. It benefits patients with grave eye conditions, thanks to technology. According to the National Eye Institute, the number of patients with cataracts in the US may double from 24 million to 50 million. Luckily, the number of ophthalmologists performing cataract surgeries is rising, and you can now undergo the procedure in most clinics.
What is cataract surgery all about?
Cataract surgery is a lens procedure that removes the natural lens of your eyes. Why is it necessary? Cataracts are common with age, and most people develop cataracts by age 65. You may also experience early effects of cataracts, and the symptoms range from;
- Blurred or cloudy vision
- Poor night vision
- Fading color
- Light sensitivity
- Frequent changes in glass prescription
Although you may benefit from glasses in the early stages, cataract surgery will be a viable option when your vision is adversely affected. Cataracts will cloud your eye’s lens, thus affecting your everyday activities like reading or driving. This can lead to vision loss, hence the need for cataract surgery. The procedure removes the crystallized natural lens and inserts a new artificial lens to help restore your vision.
What are the dos’ and don’ts after cataract surgery?
1. Don’t drive or engage in strenuous activities.
Cataract surgery is a short procedure that takes about 20-30 minutes. It’s performed on an outpatient basis, and you don’t have to stay in the hospital. Since you’ll go home the same day, it’s advisable to organize with a friend or loved one to drive you home after the surgery. Don’t drive the first day after cataract treatment or engage in strenuous activities in the first weeks. Also, avoid bending, for this exerts a lot of pressure on your eyes.
2. Avoid swimming pools
Avoid swimming or using hot tubs the first week after surgery. Also, keep off places with lots of dust and pollen; this may get irritants into your eyes. If possible, have your home vacuumed to keep off pollutants and allergens.
3. Makeup is a No!
You may be tempted to wear makeup to enhance your look after surgery. But, wait a minute! No doctor will recommend this. Avoid makeup for the first few weeks, and ask your doctor when you can resume makeup. That’s not all; avoid rubbing your eyes, for this can cause infection.
4. Follow doctors’ instructions.
Your doctor will prescribe antibiotics and anti-inflammatory eye drops to aid in cataract surgery recovery. These medications will prevent infection and inflammation and expedite proper healing. Use them as prescribed and have a loved one to help administer them.
Also, your eyes may feel itchy and experience mild discomfort a few days after the surgery. Wear an eye patch at night to avoid rubbing your eyes while sleeping.
A quick wrap up
Cataract surgery is safe and is associated with quick recovery time. You may feel good a few days after the procedure and may want to resume your daily activities. However, it’s best to follow the doctor’s advice to avoid complications. Also, remember to use antibiotic eye drops to prevent infection and promote full recovery.